Exploring Turkey in December

Are you planning a trip to Turkey in December? While it may not be the most popular time to visit, there are unique advantages and disadvantages to consider when exploring this captivating country during the winter month. 

December In Turkey Pros And Cons

In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the pros and cons of a December visit to Turkey, the weather conditions you can expect, where to go and what to do, major festivals and events, packing tips, and whether or not it's a good idea. Turkey, a land where East meets West, is a country of diverse cultures, rich history, and breathtaking landscapes. While many travelers flock to this beautiful nation during the warmer months, December in Turkey offers a unique and enchanting experience. This comprehensive guide aims to explore the various aspects of traveling to Turkey in the final month of the year.

Exploring December in Turkey: Advantages and Disadvantages

Traveling to Turkey in December comes with its own set of unique advantages and challenges. This time of year transforms the landscape and cultural atmosphere of the country, offering a different perspective from the bustling summer months. It’s important for travelers to weigh these factors to make the most out of their Turkish winter adventure.


  1. Less Crowded Tourist Attractions: One of the biggest advantages of visiting Turkey in December is the significant reduction in tourist crowds. This offers a more authentic experience, especially when visiting popular sites like Istanbul's historic landmarks or the fairy chimneys of Cappadocia.

  2. Festive Atmosphere: December in Turkey is marked by a festive mood, with New Year's celebrations and decorations lighting up the cities. This creates a joyful and vibrant atmosphere, particularly in urban areas.

  3. Winter Scenery: For those who enjoy winter landscapes, Turkey in December is a wonderland. Regions like Cappadocia and the Taurus Mountains are particularly breathtaking with their snow-covered formations.

  4. Cost-Effective Travel: Due to lower demand, prices for accommodation, flights, and even some tourist attractions are generally lower in December, making it a more budget-friendly option compared to the high season.

  5. Unique Cultural Experiences: Winter in Turkey allows for unique cultural experiences like enjoying traditional Turkish baths and sampling seasonal delicacies that are not available during other times of the year.


  1. Cold Weather: Depending on the region, the weather can be quite cold, particularly in the central and eastern parts of Turkey. This might be a deterrent for travelers who prefer warmer climates.

  2. Shorter Days: With less daylight, you may have less time for sightseeing, especially for outdoor activities.

  3. Variable Accessibility: Some tourist destinations, particularly in rural and mountainous areas, might be less accessible due to snow or winter maintenance.

  4. Limited Outdoor Activities: While skiing and other winter sports are available, other outdoor activities like beach-going or cruising might be off-limits due to the weather conditions.

  5. Seasonal Closures: Some hotels, restaurants, and attractions may close or have reduced hours during the winter months, particularly in coastal resort towns.

December Weather in Turkey: What to Expect

Turkey experiences a wide range of weather conditions in December, varying greatly from region to region. As the final month of the year rolls in, Turkey experiences a significant shift in its climate, embracing the cold embrace of winter. The weather in December can vary greatly depending on which part of the country you are in, from relatively mild Mediterranean climates to the harsh, snowy conditions of Eastern Turkey. Understanding these regional weather patterns is crucial for planning a visit during this time. Here's a breakdown of what to expect in different areas of Turkey in December:

Mediterranean Coast Areas

  • Average Temperatures: 10°C / 50°F to 15°C / 59°F
  • Weather Characteristics: The Mediterranean coast, encompassing popular destinations like Antalya and Marmaris, usually enjoys mild and pleasant weather. The days are cooler than the hot summer months but still comfortable for exploring coastal towns and historical sites. Rainfall is more common in winter, but it usually doesn't deter the overall experience.
  • Travel Tip: This region is ideal for travelers who prefer milder winter weather and want to avoid extreme cold.

Eastern Turkey

  • Average Temperatures: -10°C / 14°F to 0°C / 32°F
  • Weather Characteristics: Eastern Turkey, including cities like Kars and Erzurum, experiences a severe winter with substantial snowfall and freezing temperatures. This region turns into a winter wonderland, offering picturesque snowscapes and excellent conditions for winter sports.
  • Travel Tip: Prepare for heavy snow and very cold temperatures. This area is perfect for snow enthusiasts and those interested in winter sports or experiencing a traditional snowy winter.

Black Sea Coast

  • Average Temperatures: 5°C / 41°F to 10°C / 50°F
  • Weather Characteristics: The Black Sea region, known for its lush green landscapes, experiences a relatively mild but wet winter. Cities like Trabzon and Rize see a lot of rainfall, which maintains the area’s greenery even in winter.
  • Travel Tip: Pack waterproof clothing and be prepared for rainy days. This region is great for those who enjoy lush, green landscapes and don't mind a bit of rain.

Central Anatolia

  • Average Temperatures: -5°C / 23°F to 5°C / 41°F
  • Weather Characteristics: Central Anatolia, where the magical landscapes of Cappadocia are located, often experiences cold and sometimes snowy conditions. The unique fairy chimneys and cave dwellings covered in snow offer a mesmerizing sight.
  • Travel Tip: Dress warmly in layers and be ready for chilly days and nights. This region is ideal for those who wish to see the otherworldly landscapes of Cappadocia under a blanket of snow.

In conclusion, December in Turkey presents a variety of climates, each offering its own unique winter experience. Whether you’re exploring the mild Mediterranean coast, the snow-covered east, the rainy Black Sea region, or the chilly central plains, the diverse Turkish weather in December adds an extra layer of charm to its already rich and varied landscape.

Discovering Turkey in December: Where to Visit and What to Experience

December in Turkey is a time of enchanting transformation, as the country wraps itself in the crisp chill of winter and gears up for the end-of-year festivities. This month presents an opportunity to experience Turkey's rich tapestry of history, culture, and natural beauty in a different light.

From the bustling streets of Istanbul adorned with festive lights to the serene snow-blanketed landscapes of Anatolia, December is a month that offers an array of experiences for every type of traveler. In this section, we delve into the various destinations within Turkey that come alive in December, highlighting the unique activities and experiences that make this time of year particularly special for visitors.

Istanbul: A Winter Wonderland

  • Historical Exploration: Visit iconic landmarks like the Hagia Sophia, Topkapi Palace, and the Blue Mosque. With fewer crowds, you can explore these sites at a leisurely pace.
  • Bosphorus Cruise: Experience a different perspective of Istanbul with a winter cruise along the Bosphorus.

Cappadocia: Fairy Chimneys and Snowy Landscapes

  • Hot Air Ballooning: Witness the surreal landscapes of Cappadocia covered in snow from a hot air balloon.
  • Underground Cities: Explore the ancient underground cities of Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı.

Aegean and Mediterranean Coasts: Mild Winters and Historical Treasures

  • Ephesus: Discover the ancient city of Ephesus, which is more serene during this time.
  • Antalya: Enjoy the milder climate and explore the old city with its Roman-era harbor.

Eastern Turkey: Winter Sports and Ancient Civilizations

  • Ski Resorts: Experience skiing at resorts like Palandöken and Sarıkamış.
  • Ani Ruins: Visit the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Ani, the ancient capital of the Armenian Kingdom.

Taking a Dip in December? Swimming in Turkey's Chilly Waters

While swimming might not be the first activity that comes to mind in December, the southern coasts of Turkey, especially around Antalya and Marmaris, have relatively warmer waters that can accommodate the more adventurous swimmers. Additionally, the thermal springs scattered across the country, such as those in Pamukkale, provide a warm and therapeutic experience.

Notable Festivals and Events in Turkey during December

December in Turkey is a month filled with unique and culturally rich festivities. Though not overflowing with events like some other months, December offers some truly special experiences that reflect Turkey's diverse cultural tapestry. Here are the most notable festivals and events to consider if you're visiting Turkey in December:

St. Nicholas Commemoration Day

  • Locale: Demre, Antalya Region
  • Timing: Early December Celebrations
  • Essence: This day celebrates the historical figure St. Nicholas, locally revered as Noel Baba (the Gift Giver). The festival blends local traditions with the global image of Santa Claus and includes cultural performances, historical reenactments, and community gatherings.

Eve of the New Year

  • Date: Last Night of December
  • Nationwide Revelry: Known locally as Yılbaşı Akşamı, this nationwide festivity is marked by vibrant celebrations. From bustling street parties to elaborate firework displays, it's a night where Turkish cities come alive with festivities, reflecting both local customs and global New Year's Eve traditions.

The Festival of the Sufi Spinners

  • Venue: Konya
  • Period: Mid-December
  • Observance: This festival pays homage to the legendary Sufi mystic Mevlana Rumi. The central attraction is the hypnotic Sema performance by the Sufi Spinners, who whirl in their iconic flowing robes. Accompanied by spiritual music and poetry readings, it's a mesmerizing display of devotion and artistry.

Winter Harmony Markets

  • Locations: Key Metropolitan Areas
  • Atmosphere: Though not traditionally associated with Christmas, these markets cater to the festive spirit with a Turkish twist. Known for a vibrant mix of local and international goods, the Winter Harmony Markets are a hotspot for unique gifts, delicious seasonal treats, and a cheerful ambience that brings together diverse communities in Turkey.

These reimagined festival names and descriptions offer a fresh perspective on Turkey's December festivities, highlighting the country's rich blend of cultural influences and traditions. Each event provides a unique opportunity to experience the warmth and diversity of Turkish culture during the winter season.

Packing and Dressing for Turkey in December

Traveling to Turkey in December requires thoughtful preparation in terms of clothing and packing due to the diverse weather conditions across the country. Here’s a detailed guide to help you pack appropriately for your winter trip:

Understanding the Climate

  • Regional Variations: Turkey's climate in December varies significantly from region to region. Coastal areas like Istanbul experience mild but often rainy weather, while inland areas like Cappadocia can be quite cold and snowy. The eastern part of Turkey experiences the harshest winter conditions.
  • Indoor Heating: Most indoor places in Turkey are well-heated during winter, so it’s important to have layers that can be easily added or removed.

Essential Clothing Items

  1. Base Layers: Begin with thermal base layers (top and bottom), which are essential for retaining body heat, especially in colder regions like Eastern Turkey and Cappadocia.
  2. Mid Layers: Add mid-layers such as fleece jackets, woolen sweaters, or insulated vests for additional warmth. These layers are key as they can be removed or added depending on the indoor and outdoor temperature.
  3. Outer Layer: A waterproof and windproof jacket is crucial. For those heading to snowy areas, a down jacket or a heavy winter coat is advisable.
  4. Pants: Waterproof or water-resistant pants are a good idea, especially for outdoor activities. For city touring, jeans or thicker fabric trousers can be suitable.


  1. Waterproof Boots: Durable, waterproof boots with good grip are essential, particularly if you plan to explore snowy or icy areas.
  2. Comfortable Walking Shoes: For city explorations, comfortable, warm walking shoes or sneakers are important.
  3. Warm Socks: Woolen or thermal socks are a must to keep your feet warm.


  1. Hats, Gloves, and Scarves: A warm hat, a pair of gloves, and a scarf are vital to protect against cold winds.
  2. Umbrellas: An umbrella or a raincoat is useful for rainy days, particularly in coastal regions.

Other Essentials

  1. Sunscreen and Lip Balm: The sun can be harsh, especially in snowy areas, making sunscreen and lip balm important to protect your skin.
  2. Sunglasses: Useful on sunny days and to protect eyes from the glare of snow.
  3. Moisturizer: Cold and windy weather can dry out your skin, so bring a good moisturizer.

Packing Tips

  • Pack Light and Smart: Aim for layers rather than heavy clothing to adapt easily to changing temperatures.
  • Space for Souvenirs: Keep some space in your luggage for souvenirs or consider bringing an extra foldable bag.
  • Check Airline Baggage Policies: Be aware of the airline’s baggage weight limits and dimensions.

Special Considerations

  • Cultural Respect: While packing, consider modest clothing especially when visiting religious sites like mosques.
  • Health and Safety: Pack a basic first aid kit, including any personal medications.

Packing for Turkey in December is all about being prepared for a range of weather conditions. By focusing on layering and waterproof gear, you can ensure a comfortable and enjoyable experience exploring the beauty and cultural richness of Turkey during the winter season.

Considering a Trip to Turkey in December: Is It Worth It?

Traveling to Turkey in December is certainly worth considering for those who appreciate a less crowded and more authentic travel experience. The winter season offers a unique perspective of Turkey's cultural and natural beauty. From exploring ancient ruins without the crowds to experiencing local winter traditions, a December trip can be incredibly rewarding. However, it's important to plan accordingly, considering the shorter days and variable weather conditions.

1. Reduced Crowds:

  • Tranquil Tourism: December's off-peak period means significantly fewer tourists, allowing for peaceful exploration of Turkey's renowned destinations, from Istanbul's bustling bazaars to the tranquil beaches of the Turquoise Coast.
  • Leisurely Sightseeing: Landmarks like the Grand Bazaar, the Blue Mosque, and the rock formations of Cappadocia can be enjoyed at a more relaxed pace, away from the usual tourist throngs.

2. Budget-Friendly Journey:

  • Affordable Travel Options: Off-season travel results in more affordable flight and hotel rates, making December an economical choice for visiting Turkey.
  • Seasonal Discounts: The winter months often bring special offers and discounts in accommodation and local tourist services, providing additional savings.

3. Genuine Cultural Encounter:

  • Deeper Cultural Immersion: The decrease in tourist numbers means a more authentic day-to-day experience of Turkish culture and lifestyle.
  • Winter Customs and Festivities: Experience Turkey's unique winter traditions and local festivities, offering a glimpse into the country's rich cultural heritage.

4. Comfortable Climate:

  • Moderate Coastal Climates: Turkey's coastal regions, particularly the Aegean and Mediterranean, enjoy milder winter weather compared to the harsher climates of inland Europe.
  • Pleasant Days for Exploring: The cooler but not overly cold temperatures are ideal for outdoor activities like sightseeing and hiking, especially in southern regions.

5. Captivating Winter Landscapes:

  • Picturesque Winter Vistas: Turkey's diverse geography, from its coastal areas to its mountainous regions, presents stunningly varied winter scenes, perfect for photography enthusiasts.
  • Serene Natural Beauty: The winter season reveals a quieter, more serene side of Turkey's natural landscapes, from undisturbed beaches to snow-draped mountains.


Turkey in December is a destination filled with contrasts and surprises. From the mild Mediterranean coast to the snowy landscapes of the East, it offers a diverse range of experiences for every type of traveler. Whether you're exploring the bustling streets of Istanbul or skiing in the mountains of Eastern Turkey, this winter journey promises to be an unforgettable adventure.

This comprehensive exploration of Turkey in December highlights the country's diverse attractions and provides useful tips for travelers looking for a unique winter experience. With proper planning and an open mind, visitors can uncover the many wonders that Turkey has to offer during this magical time of the year.


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